Jesus and the Father, by Kevin Giles

Kevin Giles’ book, Jesus and the Father, was published in 2006.  I read it in 2008.  It is basically a work on the Trinity, emphasizing that Christ is not subordinate to the Father.  He pushes the argument so hard that at times he becomes modelistic, meaning that Christ and the Father merge into one person.  Giles would not agree with my assessment, but others would, not the least is The Holy Trinity by Robert Letham, which is one of the best books on the Trinity I’ve read, and I’ve read a lot.  But Giles has an agenda.  His suppressed premise from which he argues his whole book is to overcome is 1 Cor. 11:3: “But I want you to know that the head of every man is Christ, the head of woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.”  Giles is a strong proponent of women’s ordination to the ministry, and this passage indicates that man is the head of woman, which Giles does not want to admit.  He does not want to admit there can be order without a difference of essence.  The Church has argued for centuries against women’s ordination, using 1 Cor. 11:3, saying that man is the head of woman, but that does not mean he is superior to woman.  There is order without saying man is better than woman because in the Trinity the Father is the head of Christ without meaning that He is greater or superior to Christ.  Giles does not believe that.  In order to overcome this, he argues his whole book that the Father is not the head of Christ except in some superficial way.  He does not recognize order in the godhead, which leads to his modalism.  But the Church through the ages has indeed recognized order in the Trinity without falling into subordination.  The order is first the Father, then the Son, and finally the Holy Spirit. There is something of a chain of command, if you will, in the Holy Trinity, but never a subordination of essence.  There are some very good parts to this study such as some of his statements from the early fathers, but I think he has abused them to some extent.  Letham’s book mentioned above has a much better grasp of the early fathers.  Read with caution.

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